Det känns verkligt roligt att få dela med mig av allt som händer i Poltava till SMB:s medlemmar, säger överstelöjtnant Oleg Bezverknii glatt. Det är den 26 juli 2009 och Oleg är på besök i Sverige, bl.a. för arkivstudier vid Krigsarkivet. Oleg har sedan mer än tio år tillbaka varit SMB:s kontaktperson i Poltava och många av oss som rest till Poltava har träffat honom. Han har tidigare varit lärare vid Militärhögskolan i Poltava, men är sedan ett par år pensionerad och arbetar vid Lantbrukshögskolan i samma stad.
Ett resultat av Olegs Sverigebesök i juli 2009 är att Oleg startar en Poltavablogg på SMB:s webbsajt. Här meddelas såväl reflektioner över stora nordiska kriget och slaget vid Poltava som nyheter om vad som händer i den ukrainska provinshuvudstaden Poltava.
jag hoppas att bloggen kommer att bli ett litet inslag i arbetet med att stärka banden mellan Sverige och Ukraina, men framför allt vill jag öppna ett fönster till en del av Europa som få svenskar känner till, säger Oleg.
Bloggen skrivs på engelska, som är det främmande språk vid sidan av ryskan) som Oleg behärskar.
The Russian Air Force has put the
advanced X-38 air-to-surface missile into service. Although the short-range
missile was developed for the T-50 fifth generation fighter jet, the existing
bombers and fighter jets, including Su-34 and MiG-29 CMT will be equipped with
The missile was tested in great
secrecy in 2012, and was commissioned in late December. The delivery of
missiles will be started shortly. The new missile will be equipped with
independently guided warheads. This solves various tasks and increases the
striking power of T-50 multipurpose fighter jets. The missiles will be placed
inside the jet that is being developed using stealth technology, says
editor-in-chief of the “Independence Military Review” magazine Victor Litovkin.
“A fighter jet may have special
characteristics, including non-visibility to radar and other detecting
equipment, but it is just an aircraft. But when it is equipped with
high-precision guided missiles, this is a high-precision aviation complex. That
can be considered a fifth generation fighter jet. The fact, that the missile on
board the jet increases its low visibility,” Victor Litovkin said.
The missile will not reflect on the
radar screen. It has another advanced feature. It can orient itself during the
flight using the GLONASS space navigation system. The recent armed conflicts,
including in Afghanistan and
the Middle East have shown that it is
difficult to discover targets from air even with the guidance from the ground
because advanced camouflaging systems have been developed. These missiles will
be guided to the target by a GLONASS satellite, says Victor Litovkin.
“The missile’s accuracy increases
owing to the GLONASS satellite that sees the target and missile and combines
these two points. When taking into account the fact that this is a supersonic
missile, a complicated task is solved, a missile that is flying at a high speed
is guided to a target. In short, this is a great achievement of Russian missile
designers,” Victor Litovkin added.
The X-38 missile is capable of hitting manoeuvering
armoured vehicles and hideouts at a distance from 3 to 40 kilometers. These
missiles will upgrade the combat capacity of the Russian Air Force.
Land forces from17
nations began two weeks of collective training in a ceremony July 8 at the
International Peacekeeping and Security
Center here to mark the
official start of Exercise Rapid Trident 2013.
Trident is a U.S. Army Europe led, U.S. European Command Joint Training and
Exercise Program designed to enhance interoperability between forces and
promote regional stability and security.
the last several months Ukraine
has set the highest of standards, and supported by dedicated planners from our
partner countries, has set the conditions for excellent training,” said
Exercise Co-Director U.S. Army Col. Alfred Renzi during his remarks at the
1,300 troops from 17 countries including host Ukraine,
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria,
Canada, Denmark, Georgia, Germany,
Great Britain, Moldova, Norway,
Poland, Romania, Serbia,
Sweden, Turkey and the U.S. will participate in this
exercise is focused around a week-long field-training exercise (FTX), during which
the multinational force will conduct operations against a simulated enemy. In
preparation for the FTX, units will undergo one week of situational training
exercises that focus on key tasks such as countering improvised-explosive
devices, convoy operations and patrolling.
year’s exercise is the 11th iteration of Rapid Trident, which was previously
conducted under the name “Peace Shield” from 1998 to 2002. U.S. units participating in the exercise include
an airborne-infantry company from the 173rd Airborne Brigade, Observer Coach
Trainers from the Joint
Center, 21st Theater
Support Command, U.S. Army Europe and the California Army National Guard.
Komsomolsk is a purpose-built mining city in central Ukraine, located on the left bank of the Dnieper
river, 120 km.
away from Poltava. The city is pretty young, it was founded in 1960 as the
residential and civic area for the Poltava Mining and Extraction Combinat. Nowadays
it is controlled by the Ferrexpo - the most important iron ore-mining company
Ferrexpo is a
Swiss-based iron-ore producer operating in Ukraine. The business was founded
by the Soviet government in 1960 as the "Poltava Mining and Extraction
Combinat" to exploit iron ore reserves in Komsomolsk, Ukraine.
The business was privatised in 2001 by the Ukrainian Government. In 1977 it
started selling its product in the form of pellets. It was first listed on the
London Stock Exchange in 2007. The Company sells most of its product to the steel
mills of Eastern Europe.
80% of the city residents are
employed by the mining industry. There are two gigantic open pit mines (up to 350 meters depth) and
several spoil tips on the city territory, to the north-east and south of the
The industry is served by several railway stations. However,
the passenger service was discontinued and the city relies on intercity and
suburban bus links. The combinat operates its own freight river port. Due to
the profitability of mining, small city of Komsomolsk usually ranks high in all-Ukraine
city rankings of birth rate, living standards, (un)employment and housing.